Sessional Professor of Hermeneutics and Liturgical Art
- B.A., Dartmouth College, 1959
- M.F.A., Princeton University, 1961
- M.Phil., Columbia University, 1983 (completed 1965)
Recent Courses Taught at SVOTS
- Prof. Emeritus of Church History and historical methodology, York University (Toronto) [since 2002]
- Adjunct Professor and Coordinator, Programme in Orthodox-East Christian Studies, Faculty of Divinity, Trinity College (University of Toronto) [since 2006; I created this Diploma and Master's program for Trinity]
- Visiting Professor of Liturgical Art and Iconology, SVS [since 2000]
- 1973- Associate Professor in History and Humanities, York University, Toronto, Canada (with tenure)
- 1996- Graduate Faculty, York U. (Interdisciplinary Studies)1998 invited keynote speaker (on the key role of the Extended Essay and Theory of Knowledge at the core of the International Baccalaureate Diploma) for a conference of Officers of Admission and Registrars of Ontario Universities, at University of Toronto (Feb.)
- 1992-present Toronto French School -- Director of Research Essay Programme (requirement of International Baccalaureate Diploma); advisor for seniors
- 1974-5 Toronto French School -- taught senior History and English
1970-71 Twice invited keynote speaker and leader of panels and seminars for major education conferences (Schools '70 at York and the Ontario Federation of Teachers Annual Conference in Toronto) -- papers were published and circulated; Also invited to conduct a colloquium for the Montessori teacher-training programme
- 1962-3 St. Hilda's and St. Hugh's School, N.Y.C. -- taught senior History
- High School teaching (part-time), and associated public lectures
1993 Glendon College, York University, Visiting Professor teaching medieval history
- 1978-79 Visiting Associate Professor, Ontario College of Art
- Many summers from 1967-present Appointed to teach in the Departments of History, Humanities, and Fine Art of Atkinson College
- Summer-1966 Assistant Professor, Department of History, Columbia University
- summer-1965 Instructor, Department of History, Columbia University
- 1963-64 Preceptor, Department of English, Columbia University, School of General Studies (summer included)
- 1977, 1984, 1995-1998 Four ad hoc appointments to serve on Graduate School Master and Ph.D. thesis committees, at York University and University of Toronto
- 1969-73 Assistant Professor, Department of History & Division of Humanities, York University (tenured 1972) Part-time:
- 1966-69 Lecturer, Department of History & Division of Humanities, York University
- 1965-66 Visiting Lecturer, Department of History, University of California, Santa Barbara
- 1964-65 Visiting Lecturer, Department of History and Department of English, Yeshiva University, New York
- 1962-63 Assistant Professor, Department of English, Trenton State College
How to Study History (New York, 1967) -- with Norman Cantor
"Organisation Iconographique et Instruction Pastorale des Vitraux Mïedievaux de la Cathedrale Saint Etienne de Bourges," in Conservation et Restauration des Vitraux: Actes Bourges: Conseil Geral du Cher/Chartres: Centre International du Vitrail , pp. 357-71
Recent Conference Presentations and Activities
- 2007-2010 Plenary lectures for the Lumen Orientale Conferences in Istanbul, Washington, San Diego, and Detroit
2007 Icons as Theology
2008 Iconology of the Feasts of the Church
2009 the iconographic and iconological presentation of Monastic theology
2010 Church councils and conciliar theology as learned from iconographic presentation
- 2007 keynote plenary lecture for North American Academy of Liturgy, Toronto: Iconography as Liturgical Theology
- 2009 Annual Tajmindji Foundation Lecturer for the Washington theological Consortium: What is "Innovation" in Iconography?
- 2008 St Nersess Seminary lecture series: "Armenian iconography and iconological thought"
- 2008(?) Education Day on Icons at SVS: Workshop on "Reading iconography as theological language"
- Nov. 2006, Invited respondent for Society of Biblical Literature
- 2007 May 26-7 St Mark's Orthodox Fellowship 6th Annual Orthodox Symposium, Toronto: "Christ of History—History of Christ in Scripture and Icons” [I also organized this conference]
- 2006 Orthodox and Weslyan Spirituality Consultation SVS Jan 8-13 2006 ; Jan 8 “Ecclesiology of the Church Building: an Orthodox Perspective”
- 2002, 2004 Two lectures on the iconographic presentation of Ephrem the Syrian (the first at St Nersess)
- 2004 Oct 16 lecture for Study Day Exploring Russian Icons Hillwood Museum (Washington DC): “The Byzantine Origin of Russian Icons (988-1600 C.E.): the Theology of Looking at Icons in Byzantium and the Medieval Russian Adaptation of this Iconology”
- Oct 24-25 2003 Annual Princeton Index of Christian Art Symposium: St. Denis Revisited invited lecture: “Saint-Denis as Text(s): Suger’s Programmatic Use of Inscriptions as Markers of His Master Project”
- Feb 21-23 Majestas Society together with Medieval Centre Central European University, Budapest, (annual) medieval colloquium on Rulership and Religion. My paper Feb. 21 “”Archbisdhop Maximian’s Inclusion of Justinian and Theodora in the Programme of San Vitale” 20
- Feb 2002 Invited Lecture for Ph.D. Seminar Central European University, Budapest, Public and Private: Richard II’s use(s) of Royal Portraiture”
Public Education and General Lectures(by invitation)
- Oct-Nov 2008 St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Fall Supper Seminars series “The Art of Prayer: Responding to Icons as Christian Theology”, a series of four lecture-seminars:
The “eyes of the body”: learning to see icons as texts
The “eyes of the mind”: the rhetoric of icons
“Iconography in liturgical space: decorating the walls to enact prayer within
The ‘eyes of the heart”: deep theological reading of iconography
- July 18, 2007 Workshop and lecture: “Icons: Holy Images in a Facebook Culture” Archdiocesan Assembly of OCA Ottawa INVITED EXPERTISE and CONSULTING
- Antiochian Village Museum
- 1966-67 "Significant images of the subject of love in late medieval rhetoric: Chaucer and manuscript paintings", Public lecture delivered at York University
- 1968-69 "Allegory and Event: A radical shift in the late medieval outlook." A paper delivered at Amherst College, followed by a seminar the next day for History Department
- 1970-71 "Old Song and New Song: the significance of 'music' in medieval literature, art, and musical theory and practice." Delivered first at the "Medieval Day" at York University, and again later to a Graduate Chaucer seminar (with other audience) at McMaster University
- 1971-72 "The Poets and the Friars", delivered (by invitation) to Graduate Seminar in Medieval English, McMaster University
- 1974-75 "Chaucer's Complaint to His Empty Purse as a Satire on Policy" delivered to York University History Research Group and again at International Congress of Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo
- 1976-77 "The Lambeth Constitution as the Work of Archbishop Peckham, O.F.M.: a new view of the rivalry of mendicants and seculars", delivered at International Congress of Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo
- 1977-78 "Gold, Parliament, and Chaucer's Complaint to His Empty Purse: An Essay on Total-Historical Method for the Analysis of Literature." This is a considerably expanded and revised version of the 1975 Kalamazoo paper; it was delivered twice by invitation:
- October 1977: University of Alabama conference on Imagery in Chaucer
- May 1978: Guest Lecture series, the Medieval Institute, Notre Dame University
- Advanced colloquium on "the iconological method for the study of late medieval manuscripts, especially East Anglian Psalters," delivered to faculty and students of the Medieval Institute, Notre Dame University by invitation
- "The Rivalry of Poets and Friars: Authentic Dislike or Clashing Hermeneutic?", delivered at Conference on Consciousness and Group Identification in High Medieval Religion: Historians and Social Scientists in Dialogue, York University, April 7-9, 1978
- "Music as Image, Music as Practice: the Cultural History of Medieval Polyphonic Musical Theory and Compositional Technique," May 1978 public lecture at the University of Chicago
- 1978-79 "Structural and Philosophical Aspects of the Change from Classical Book Illustration to Medieval Book Illustration; lecture for Toronto Classics Club at the University of Toronto, October 1978
- "An Iconological Re-evaluation of "Byzantine Influence" in 12th Century English Manuscripts," delivered by invitation at the Twelfth Annual Conference of The Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, SUNY, Binghamton, New York
- 1979-81 On sabbatical leave (in England, France, Italy, Austria, Germany) conducting research on the iconology of English and Italian illuminated manuscripts of the later 14th century, and on 19th century historiography
- "Gold, parliament, and Chaucer's Complaint to His Empty Purse: A Total- History approach to literary study" delivered by invitation at:
- University of Edinburgh, Medieval Research Institute
- University of Perugia, the English Seminar
- Cambridge University, Graduate English Seminar
- "L'artiste comme homme social aux XIIï¿½me-XIIIï¿½me siï¿½cles" at Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Clermont-Ferrand
- 1981-82 "A moralizing iconography for a 14th-century merchant's diary: the illustrations of the Biadaiolo", for International Congress of Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, May 1982
- 1983-84 "Monastic Iconography as Self-Affirming Propaganda in Early 14th Century Psalters from East Anglian Provenances", Cistercian Institute Symposium From Cloister to Classroom: Monastic and Scholastic Approaches to Truth, University of Western Michigan, June 12-19, 1983
- "The Marriage of Youth and Age: the invention of a topos in the Middle Ages", given at Conference on Aging and the Aged in Medieval Europe sponsored by the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, November 11/12, 1983
- Invited lecture on "Iconographic Motifs as the Solution to the Problem of Structural Unity in The Second Shepherd's Play, Symposium on Texts and Visual Arts in Middle Ages and Renaissance. York University, January 28, 1984
- Two invited lectures at Ohio State University, May 16-17, 1984:
- in the series Visiting Lectures in the History of Arts: "History, Critique, and Future Programme of the Method of Iconology"
- for the Medieval Studies Group: "Cultural Themes in Monastic Manuscript Design, with special reference to early 14th c. English Manuscripts."
- 1985-86 "Radical Change in Iconography, Structure, and Exegesis in the Speculum Humanae Salvationis" at the conference on The Bible in the Middle Ages: Its influence on Literature and Art, October 18-19, 1985 SUNY Binghamton (Camers)
- (by invitation) "Musical Imagery in the Secunda Pastorum" lecture for the Department of English, McMaster University, March 21-23, 1986
- "The Cultural Significance of Images on 14th Century European Gold Coinage: An Iconological Analysis" Canadian Conference of Medieval Art Historians, University of Winnipeg, March 1986.
- 1986-87 Two invited lectures/seminars at the University of Edinburgh, February 13, 1987
- "The marriage of youth and age: the medieval invention of a topos and a figure", Department of English lecture
- "The Iconology of Gothic Architecture: Issues of Methodology" Department of History of Art Seminar
- "Everyday scenes as Moral Pictures: Unique Illustrations in Trecento Manuscripts for Mercentile Patrons: Canadian Conference of Medieval Art Historians, York University, March 20-21, 1987
- "On the Iconographical Difference Between Wheel and Circle: Some Rose Windows and the Ages of Man in the De Lisle Psalter (B .L. MS Arundel 83)", for the AVISTA Symposium at the International Congress of Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, May 9, 1987
- "Ruler-Portraits as Commentary in Fourteenth Century English Legal Documents", for the special section on Images of the Ruler at the International Congress of Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, May 9, 1987
- 1987-88 "Wheel and Circle in some medieval rose-compositions", Faculty colloquium, Division of Humanities, York University
- "The Illustrations in the Treatise of Walter of Milemete", Conference of Canadian Medieval Art Historians, University of Montreal, March 1988
- "The Invention of Iconographic Programmes for a new, unique text: the Treatise of Walter of Milemete", guest lecture, Graduate School of Art History, University of Chicago, May 1988
- 1988-89 "A Statute-Book for a Kinglet: Text and Illustration in Harvard Law School MS 12 and the Youth of Edward III" Lecture to History Department Research Symposium, York University, Feb. 1989.
- "Illustrated Statutes as Gift-Books for English Kings: Two Unique Cases", Conference of Canadian Medieval Art Historians, University of Victoria, March 1989
- "Cathedral-Building as Pastoral Reform: Arts of Bourges Cathedral in the 13th Century", Colloquium on Artistic Integration in Early Gothic Churches, York University, April 7-9, 1989
- "The Regalian Significance of the Westminster Abbey Portrait of Richard II", for special Richard II symposium at International Congress of Medieval Studies, University of Western Michigan, Kalamazoo, May 1989
- 1989-90 "Canonization and Iconographic Programming at Bourges Cathedral: Change in an Episcopal Cult in an Era of Reform", Conference on The Cult of Saints in the Middle Ages: Formation and Transformation. CEMERS, State University of New York, Binghamton, Oct. 20-21, 1989.
- "Edward III's Two Illustrated Copies of the Secreta Secretorum: More Propagandistic Royal Books from the Isabella Years" Canadian Conference of Medieval Art Historians, York University, March 1990.
- "The Historian's Use of Visual Art/The Art-Historian's Use of History," Colloquium on Directions in the Humanities, York University, April, 1990.
- "Illustrating Statutes for a Prerogative Monarch: Cambridge, St. John's College A.7", Special Richard II Symposium, International Congress of Medieval Studies, University of Western Michigan, Kalamazoo, May 1990.
- 1990-91 "Royal Portrait as Royalist Propaganda: Varieties of Self-Imaging by Richard II". Canadian Conference of Medieval Art Historians, University of Winnipeg, March 1991.
- "Book-Commissions for a Kinglet Son: Isabella of France's Patronage of Books for Edward III". Invited paper for special session of Maestas Society on Royal Mothers, International Congress of Medieval Studies, U. of Western Michigan, Kalamazoo, May 1991.
- 1991-92 "Cathedral Design as Episcopal Reform: Medieval Christian Time-Cosmology in 13th-C. Bourges Cathedral". Invited paper for symposium on Architecture and Traditional Belief-Systems, University of Edinburgh, Sept. 1991.
- "What is a Political Poem? An interpretation of Chaucer's Complaint to His Empty Purse". Invited paper for Richard II symposium, International Congress of Medieval Studies, U. of Western Michigan, Kalamazoo, May 1992.
- 1992-93 "A Model of all models of the Christian Church before the Conversion of Constantine". Institute for the Study of Culture and Religion in Antiquity, York University, Feb. 1993.
- "The jubï¿½ of Bourges Cathedral as further evidence of long-term integrative planning." Conference of Canadian Medieval Art Historians, Universitï¿½ Laval, March 1993
- "The Many Faces of Richard: Public and Private Use of 'Self-Portraiture' by Richard II," History Faculty Research Group, York U., March 1993
- "Intellectual History, Ecclesiastical History, and Iconology in Chartres research: critique and future suggestions," contribution to a panel on Chartres Cathedral: Current Perspectives, Future Prospects, International Congress on Medieval Studies, U. Western Michigan, Kalamazoo, May 1993
- "Richard II as public and private individual: his portrayal in historiated miniatures", invited lecture for the annual Richard II symposium of the White Hart Society, International Congress on Medieval Studies, U. Western Michigan, Kalamazoo, May 1993.
- 1993-4 "Organisation iconographique et instruction pastorale des vitraux mï¿½diï¿½vaux de la cathï¿½drale St. Etienne de Bourges." Invited paper for the International Colloquium Conservation et Restauration des Vitraux of the Centre International du Vitrail, held in Bourges. Oct. 28-9, 1993
- "'Romanesque' and 'Gothic' as Cultural/Regional Styles: the Evidence from Southern France", given at the session on Understanding Medieval Art and Architecture in the Post-Modern West at the Universities Art Association of Canada, U. of Windsor, Nov. 4, 1993
- "Designing a Cathedral for Pastoral Reform: Iconological Research at St. Etienne, Bourges" for the History Research Group of the Dept. of History, York University, Nov. 24, 1993
- "'Artistic Originality' in the product of a trades workshop?: the design and stylistics of the Good Samaritan window at Bourges Cathedral", Canadian Conference of Medieval Art Historians, U. of Victoria, March 5, 1994
- "The Building as Text(s): Where/Why did Abbot Suger put inscriptions in his reworking of St. Denis?", invited paper for the special St. Denis session on "Reading Images and Spaces: Medieval Architecture and Iconography at the Abbey Church of Saint-Denis, Paris", The American Society of Church Historians, Oberlin College, Mar. 25, 1994
- Invited session commentator for papers using Victor Turner's anthropology of pilgrimage for cultural-historical analysis of pilgrimages. 29th International Congress on Medieval Studies, U. W. Michigan, Kalamazoo, May 5-8, 1994
- 1994-5 "Episcopal Iconographic Programmes in Justinian's Ravenna: Old-Testament Typology as an antidote to 6th C. Caesaropapism", conference on Law, Authority, and Consent in the Roman Catholic Tradition, Institute of Human Values, St. Mary's University, Halifax, Oct. 21, 1994
- "Re-organization of Book-illustration in the shift from Roll to early-Christian Codex: Pictures as Exegetical Glossing", Institute for the Study of Culture and Religion in Antiquity, York University, Jan. 1995.
- "Princely Bishop and Caesaropapist Prince: the iconographic triumph of Church over Emperor in the mosaic programmes and liturgical furniture of Justinian's Ravenna," for the History Research Group of the Dept. of History, York University, Feb. 1995
- "The 'fictional' marriage of Youth and Old Age in 14th C. literature: the invention of a topos in a context of reality," for conference on The Family in the Middle Ages, Fordham University, March 24-5, 1995
- "St.-Denis as Text(s): Why did Suger Put Inscriptions on His Building?", for the session History, Communal memory, and Liturgy in Suger's St.-Denis, for the annual meeting of the Medieval Academy, Boston, March 30, 1995
- Invited panelist giving paper at special symposium on "Monumental Medieval Buildings as Total Objects: Functional Readings of Major Structures", at the 30th International Congress on Medieval Studies, W. Michigan University, Kalamazoo, May 1995. (Also, I was chair of this session).
- 1995-6 invited lecturer for two lecture-colloquia at St, Vladimir's Seminary, Crestwood, N.Y. Mar. 1-2, 1996:
- "The theological Iconology of style, and the impact of the Iconoclastic Controversy on stylistic freedom."
- "Ecclesiastical iconography in Ravenna programmes of Archbishop Maximian: is history necessary in theological Iconology?"
- "Architectural Style-Choice at Kirkham Priory as a Cultural Decision: a response to Larry Hoey's Critical Challenge," 16th Canadian Conference of Medieval Art Historians, McGill University, Montreal, Mar. 28-30, 1996
- [with William Clark and Bob Greenberg] "How to Vault a Hemicycle? the Competing Examples of Notre Dame of Paris and St. Etienne of Bourges as evidence of Decision-Making by Master Masons," for the session on Medieval Buildings and Masons' Practices, Society of Architectural Historians, St. Louis, Apr. 24-28, 1996
- "Maximian's Use of Typology: Episcopal-Ecclesial Authority in a Justinianic Climate," session on Ravenna Between East and West in the Early Middle Ages (special session of the Medieval Academy Colloquium East and West in the Middle Ages), 31st International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, May 9-12, 1996
- Chairman, session on "Ricardian England" for the Society of the White Hart, 31st International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, May 9-12, 1996
- 1996-97 "A Re-Evaluation of Our Critical Use of 'Gothic' as a Stylistic Designation: the Cultural-Historical Significance of Southwestern French Buildings," for the special session of papers in honor of Roland Sanfaï¿½on at the 17th Annual Canadian Conference of Medieval Art Historians, Laval University, 13-15 March, 1997
- "What is the function -- and the meaning -- of the 'military fascicle' in the Treatise of Walter of Milemete?" for the special AVISTA symposium on Medieval Military Technology, at the 32nd International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, May 7-11, 1997
- 1997-98 Chairman of special session "Building a Cathedral for Toronto c. 1225: a simulated fabric committee," at the 18th Canadian Conference of Medieval Art Historians, York University, March 20, 1998
- (With Robert Greenberg) "Getting inside the mind of a medieval builder: the ability of the Bourges master to construct a torus-curved rib-vault." at the 18th Canadian Conference of Medieval Art Historians, York University, March 20, 1998
- "Episcopal Programming in a Caesaropapist Climate: Maximianus of Ravenna as Iconographer," for the special session Byzantine Art Studies in Honour of Jean-Guy Violette at the 18th Canadian Conference of Medieval Art Historians, York University, March 22, 1998
- "Designing the Noble: the 'total history' of a new gold coin in the 14th century" 33rd International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, May 10, 1998